Ubuntu desktop setup steps
Ubuntu 8.04.1 LTS desktop setup steps for an AMD64 system:
- 1 Installation
- 2 Tweaks and Preferences
- 3 Firefox 3 configuration steps
- 4 Firefox Add-ons
- 5 Firefox Tweaks
- 6 Installation of extra software
- 7 Uninstall unused bits of software
- 8 Configure "Microsoft Natural Ergonomic 4000 Keyboard"
- 9 Install Skype
- 10 Install the Tahoma fonts
- 11 Install Flash
- 12 Install Google Earth
- 13 Install Acrobat reader
- 14 Install Opera
- 15 Enable Apport for crash bug reporting
- 16 Configure Open Office to work in MS Office 2000 compatibility mode
- 17 Set up Australian dictionaries in Open Office
- 18 Custom Key Bindings
- 19 Evolution turn off new email notifications
- 20 Set up SSH keys
- 21 Automounting remote file systems
- Insert installation CD. Follow simple options, installs, ejects CD, reboots. Then login.
- System -> Networking -> set up static IP address instead of dynamic IP address.
- reboot to get network changes to apply (theoretically this should not be necessary, but in practice it was, at least for me).
- reboot, install system updates. Then reboot once updates are installed.
- system -> hardware drivers -> enable the proprietary nvidia drivers.
- reboot to enable the proprietary drivers.
Tweaks and Preferences
- System -> Preferences -> sound -> sounds -> set all to "no sound", and untick "play system sounds", and on "system beep" tab untick all boxes.
- System -> Preferences -> Searching and indexing -> General -> tick "enable indexing" and "enable watching" and both of the power management boxes to disable stuff when on battery.
- To get Subpixel Smoothing on LCDs, do this: System -> Preferences -> Appearance -> Fonts -> Tick "subpixel smoothing (LCDs)". Need to restart Firefox for this change to take effect in Firefox.
- To get reasonable desktop visual effects: System -> Preferences -> Appearance -> Visual Effects -> Select "Normal".
- To make the system remember running apps and window locations on logout, do this: System -> Preferences -> sessions -> session options -> tick "automatically remember running applications when logging out".
- To tweak networking performance, follow these instructions.
- Turn off blinking cursor by going System -> Preferences -> Keyboard -> untick "Cursor blinks in text fields".
- Add terminal icon to gnome panel: Right-click panel -> Add to Panel -> Application Launcher... -> Accessories -> Terminal -> Add -> Close.
Firefox 3 configuration steps
Firefox configuration steps
Go Tools -> Add-ons -> Get Add-ons -> then search for and install these add-ons:
cd /usr/lib/keepass2/ sudo mv KeePassRPC.plgx KeePassRPC.plgx.old-`date` Open https://github.com/kee-org/keepassrpc/releases/latest , replace the link below with whatever is latest KeePassRPC.plgx version: sudo wget https://github.com/kee-org/keepassrpc/releases/download/v1.8.0/KeePassRPC.plgx Close Firefox, close KeePass (note: MUST restart keepass as it compiles the add-on modules on restart), restart Firefox.
Note: if you then get an error on starting keepass that says "the plugin cannot be loaded a new Keepass version is required to open this file", then you need to update Keepass. The ones included with the distro can be out of date (e.g. 2.32 when 2.35 is available). For example, to update Ubuntu or Mint, use this PPA with the current version:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jtaylor/keepass sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
- Don't want Firefox to close when pressing ctrl-w on the last tab: Tools -> tab mix plus options -> events -> tab closing -> tick "do not close window when closing last tab by hotkey".
- Tab mix plus -> Events -> New Tabs -> Tick "Open new tabs next to current one".
- Tab mix plus -> Events -> Tab Features -> Untick "Ctrl-Tab navigates tabs in most recently used order".
- Tab mix plus -> Display -> Tab Bar -> When tabs don't fit width: Multi-row; Set number of rows to 2 or 3.
- Stop animated GIFs in Firefox: about:config -> image.animation_mode -> change to "none"
- Firefox: Fix the stupid behavior of overwriting current tabs when opening new tabs: about:config -> browser.tabs.loadFolderAndReplace -> toggle to "true". [Have to re-apply this setting when upgrading Linux distro]
- To get autocomplete for the web address, go: about:config -> browser.urlbar.autoFill -> toggle to "true" -> restart FF.
- Stop the full screen mode-switch animation: about:config -> browser.fullscreen.animateUp -> change to "0".
- Perform a sync using Foxmarks wizard, and for the initial setup keep the bookmarks on the server, and overwrite those on this computer.
- File -> Page setup ... -> Paper size = "A4", and orientation = "Portrait".
- Edit -> Preferences -> Main tab -> tick to close the download window when all downloads are finished.
- Laptops only: Add a delay to the bookmark menu collapsing (only really useful on laptops when navigating with a trackpad or button, which tends to be fairly inaccurate) - about:config -> right-click -> New -> Integer -> name is: ui.submenuDelay -> value is: 800
- Make the "Backspace" key be like pressing the "Back" button: about:config -> browser.backspace_action -> change to "0".
- Stop blocky graphics: View -> Zoom -> Tick "Zoom Text Only".
- About:config -> dom.max_script_run_time -> chnage from 10 to 20 to increase timeout on slow scripts.
- Set search bar to use Australian Google rather than US Google: Open this list of search plugins -> click "Google Australia - the web" -> tick the "Start using it straight away" box -> click "Ok".
- To make streetview work: Tools -> Addons -> Flash-block -> preferences -> whitelist -> add "maps.google.com.au" and "maps.google.com".
- Firefox 4, to limit excessive memory usage: about:config -> browser.sessionhistory.max_total_viewers -> set to "0".
- To stop old tabs using memory when the browser is restarted: Edit -> Preferences -> Tabs -> tick "Don't load tabs until selected". * If install noscript, then add a whitelisting for xmarks.com
- To increase mouse scroll speeed: About:config -> mousewheel.withnokey.sysnumlines -> toggle to false. Then make sure that mousewheel.withnokey.numlines is set to 6.
Installation of extra software
Go system -> admin -> synaptic package manager -> then Install the following:
- powertop iotop htop # Show power hogs, I/O hogs, and an more visual command-line version of top.
- nautilus-open-terminal # adds ability to right click on a folder and get a command prompt there.
- libxml2-dev libmysqlclient-dev # Optional: Only used for compiling PHP snapshots
- eclipse sun-java6-jdk sun-java6-jre libmysql-java junit junit-doc # Optional: Java development only.
- autofs smbfs smbclient
- p7zip-full # needed for extracting .7z archives
- linux-libertine # Free software fonts
- gnome-do # Run apps or commands from a keyboard launcher.
Uninstall unused bits of software
sudo aptitude remove --purge tomboy ekiga
Configure "Microsoft Natural Ergonomic 4000 Keyboard"
To get the back / forward keyboard keys working in Firefox, when using the "Microsoft Natural Ergonomic 4000 Keyboard", go System -> Preferences -> Keyboard -> Layout -> click the model button -> Choose Microsoft -> set model to "Microsoft Natural Keyboard Pro USB" -> click "close".
install Skype - Source of instructions.
sudo aptitude install ia32-libs wget http://skype.com/go/getskype-linux-ubuntu sudo aptitude install libqt4-core libqt4-gui qt4-qtconfig sudo dpkg --install --force-architecture --force-depends skype-debian*.deb
Install the Tahoma fonts
Once the msttcorefonts package is installed you will notice that Tahoma and Tahoma Bold is missing. You will need to extract Tahoma and Tahoma Bold from the zip file. Tahoma is used for Microsoft desktop, title bars and menu fonts so if you are trying to get that XP look you will need the Tahoma regular and Tahoma Bold fonts. Install Tahoma by doing the following in a terminal.
cd ~ wget http://www.stchman.com/tools/MS_fonts/tahoma.zip sudo unzip -d /usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts ~/tahoma.zip sudo fc-cache -f -v rm -f ~/tahoma.zip
For AMD64, as of Nov 2008, there is now an native alpha 64-bit flash plugin for Firefox, so that YouTube and the like can be viewed. Native 64-bit flash installation instructions.
Install Google Earth
sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/hardy.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list sudo aptitude update && sudo aptitude install medibuntu-keyring && sudo aptitude update sudo aptitude install googleearth-4.3
Install Acrobat reader
To install acrobat reader, since Ubuntu's native PDF readers don't have shrink to fit when printing. :
sudo aptitude install acroread
(this uses medibuntu, from the Google Earth step above).
To change the default file handling for PDF's all I had to do was find a PDF, right click, select Properties, click the Open With tab and select Adobe Acrobat Reader from the options.
Also need to do this:
sudo nano /usr/share/applications/defaults.list
And change this:
To install and configure opera (since's it's useful for testing web pages to be able to check behaviour, and it's useful to have another browser around sometimes), do the following:
- Go to Opera's download page.
- Download and open and install the .deb file
- Then run opera
- Right-click on the tab bar, select Customise and change the wrapping setting to "multiple lines".
Enable Apport for crash bug reporting
Enable apport so that crash bugs will be reported and logged:
sudo nano /etc/default/apport
change enabled from "0" to "1".
Crashes will then be logged to /var/crash/
Configure Open Office to work in MS Office 2000 compatibility mode
- Start OpenOffice Writer -> tools -> options -> Load/Save -> general -> For document type = "Text document", set Always save as "Microsoft Word 97/2000/XP" (instead of "ODF text document"); For Document type = "Spreadsheet", set Always save as "Microsoft Excel 97/2000/XP"; For Document type = "Presentation", set Always save as "Microsoft PowerPoint 97/2000/XP".
- Then tools -> options -> OpenOffice.org Writer -> compatibility -> tick "Use printer metrics for document formatting", tick "Do not add leading (extra space) between lines of text", and tick "Consider wrapping style when positioning objects". Then go: Use as Default -> Yes -> OK.
Set up Australian dictionaries in Open Office
Source of instructions - these instructions assumed Canadian English, but the same bug applies to Australian English too.
wget http://ftp.services.openoffice.org/pub/OpenOffice.org/contrib/dictionaries/en_AU.zip unzip en_AU.zip sudo mv en_AU.* /usr/share/myspell/dicts cd /usr/share/myspell/dicts/ sudo chown root:root en_AU.* sudo ln -s en_AU.aff en-AU.aff sudo ln -s en_AU.dic en-AU.dic sudo vi /etc/openoffice/dictionary.lst
Add the following line to the end of the file:
DICT en AU en_AU
Custom Key Bindings
That can be done through the UI:
- System -> Preferences -> Keyboard Shortcuts
- Set "1" favourite key to "run a terminal"
- Set "2" favourite key to "open home folder"
Then for the bindings which cannot be done through the UI:
- In a terminal, run: gconf-editor
- Navigate to apps/metacity/global_keybindings
- Change "run_command_1" to be 0x83 (which corresponds to "4" favourite key). Could alternatively use 0xf7, which corresponds to the "5" favourite key.
- Navigate to apps/metacity/keybinding_commands
- Change "command_1" to be "/usr/bin/gedit --new-document" (i.e. run a text editor)
Evolution turn off new email notifications
- Evolution -> Edit -> Plugins -> Uncheck "Mail Notification" plugin.
Set up SSH keys
For each machine you want to have password-less SSH login to, do:
ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub machine1
Automounting remote file systems
Debug any problems with:
tail --lines=0 -f /var/log/*